Sample#1 (FERAL BEES)
This is our strongest breeder colony. She is a 2009 Queen. Entirely untreated; has never exhibited symptoms of dwindling; and has had 4 to 5 brood combs removed and added to weaker colonies throughout the 2011 season, yet remains vigorous.
This colony has been tested in the USDA Beltsville Lab 4 times with these results:
- March 2010 = 21.55 Nosema spores/bee (million)
- May 2010 = 10.45 Nosema spores/bee (million)
- June 2010 = 4.40 Nosema spores/bee (million)
- Feb 2011 = 1.30 Nosema spores/bee (million)
Sample was also submitted to Dave Wick at BVS, Inc. Testing indicatd the presence of IAPV, CPV and Sac Brood virus. (Dave did confirm that IAPV and black queen cell virus are associated with n.ceranae, however he was not able to confirm that CPV is).
Only 5% of our 2011 colonies showed no sign of dwindling after their 4th cool; wet; protracted winter.
Now in the 5th spring since the devastating losses from this pathogen, our untreated bees are thriving in spite of staggering nosema spore loads and associated viruses, and we have had only 10% winter loss in 2011-2012.